Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.
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Just as in the Mexican case, the increase in Native American self-identification with education was highest in urban areas.
La Jornada: Falleció Rodolfo Stavenhagen, constructor de instituciones
Indigenism, Mestizaje, and National Identity in Mexico during the s and the s. This loss of indigenous classification based on language proficiency for children of more highly educated parents is consistent with findings from research on minority language use among second generation immigrant children in the U.
However, movement across racial boundaries based on skin color is not completely random, but instead shows some systematic tendencies. As Lutz notes, these findings are consistent with an assimilationist perspective according to which parents of higher socioeconomic status are more integrated into the dominant culture and are therefore less likely to transmit their language of origin to their children.
A Multilevel Process Theory. Indigenous students are not generally given preferential treatment in university admissions.
Descriptive statistics for all variables are provided in Table 1. Samples are restricted to cases where the mother or father is the census informant. Similarly, the presence of indigenous language schools appears to increase indigenous language maintenance among children of indigenous parents, but not their odds of being classified as indigenous based on proxy self-identification.
Rodolffo and Ethnicity in Mexico: Harvard University Press; The Making and Unmaking of Ethnic Boundaries: Ethnic Classification in Mexico: I specifically compare how parental education affects how children are identified under the two systems of classification—language proficiency and proxy self-identification. Research on racial and ethnic stratification often involves the comparison of socioeconomic outcomes across two or more demographic groups.
The Structure of Disadvantage: Statistical models are frequently used, for example, to examine the differences in educational attainment, occupational status and income between individuals in different racial and ethnic categories, and to apportion the differences into various explanatory factors e.
Telles Edward E, Lim Nelson. The educational disadvantage of children is measured based on whether they are in a grade at school that is appropriate for their age. Yet researchers have shown that the social boundaries that define many racial and ethnic categories can change, and that individuals often engage in purposeful behavior to move between categories Alba and Nee ; Alba ; Loveman and Muniz ; Wimmer ab ; Montgomery There are duestion limited contexts in which claiming an indigenous identity may serve to advance a professional career.
Ethnic Identification and its Consequences for Measuring Inequality in Mexico
The results of the statistical analysis indicate a much larger loss of indigenous identification when language proficiency is used as a criterion rodllfo indigenous classification stavemhagen when proxy self-identification is used.
Duncan Brian, Trejo Stephen J. Structural Changes and Shifts in Racial Classification. Similarly, for children of indigenous migrants to urban areas, identifying as indigenous may be based on an attachment to a few cultural symbols without a personal connection to other members of the group, and with few social consequences. To control for the effect of intermarriage I therefore stavsnhagen as a predictor the indigenous identification of the other parent in the regression models for both indigenous mothers and fathers.
This method of ethnic classification is therefore best described as one based on proxy self-identification. The results indicate a statistically significant disadvantage in schooling for indigenous children according to both systems of classification. Lq Race in Brazil: Patterns of Race in the Americas. Economic Development and Cultural Change. Multiracial versus Collective Black Categories: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Journal of Human Resources.
The ability to identify their own ethnicity is in fact considered a fundamental right of indigenous peoples worldwide according cyestion international legislation ILO The multicultural discourse may also receive more widespread acceptance among educated parents in urban areas, thus explaining the stronger positive association in more urban settings.
Much of this literature has focused specifically on language shift among U.
Any parent born in a different state is considered a migrant. Intergenerational Changes in Racial Classification in Brazil. Social boundaries are not fixed over time.
Contesting Citizenship in Latin America: In the analysis below I will test this stigmatization hypothesis against competing explanations. Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web. The assimilationist perspective therefore leads to the same cuetion of a loss of indigenous classification with greater parental socioeconomic status as the stigmatization hypothesis when language proficiency is used as a criterion.