JOHAN GAULTUNG, A “t u tu al Theo of I pe ialis This theo depa ts f o t o i po ta t fa ts a out the o ld hi h a e: a high i e ualit, i al ost all aspe ts of hu a life, a d the. Article Reserve: Johan Galtung-Structural theory on Imperialism study guide by CtKaho includes 12 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet. Johan Vincent Galtung (born 24 October ) is a Norwegian sociologist, mathematician, and He has developed several influential theories, such as the distinction between the concept of peacebuilding, the structural theory of imperialism, and the theory of the United States as simultaneously a republic and an empire.
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Johan Vincent Galtung born 24 October is a Norwegian sociologistmathematicianand imperialis, principal founder of the discipline of peace and conflict studies.
He also established the Journal of Peace Research in In he was appointed to the world’s first chair in peace and conflict studies, at the University of Oslo. He resigned his Oslo professorship in and has since held professorships at several other universities; from to he taught as Distinguished Professor of Peace Studies at the University of Hawaiiand he is currently based in Kuala Lumpurwhere he is the first Tun Mahathir Professor of Global Peace at the International Islamic University Malaysia.
Galtung is known for contributions to sociology in the s, political science in the s, economics and history in the s, macrohistoryanthropologyand theology in the s. He has developed several influential theories, such as the distinction between positive and negative peacestructural violencetheories on conflict and conflict resolutionthe concept of peacebuilding the structural theory of imperialismand the theory of the United States as simultaneously a republic and an empire.
Galtung has been a major intellectual figure of the New Left since the s. Galtung was born in Oslo. He earned the cand. PhD  degree in mathematics at the University of Oslo inand a year later completed the mag.
PhD  degree in sociology at the same university. Galtung’s father and paternal grandfather were both physicians. The Galtung name has its origins in Hordalandwhere his paternal grandfather was born.
Upon receiving his mag. He served as the institute’s director untiland saw the institute develop from a department within the Norwegian Institute of Social Research into an independent research institute with enabling funds from the Norwegian Ministry of Education.
He then served as the director general of the International University Centre in Dubrovnikalso serving as the president of the World Future Studies Jonan.
Galtung is a prolific researcher, having made contributions to many fields in sociology. He has published more than articles and over books.
The chair is supported by the Perdana Global Peace Foundation and is named for its founder and chairman, Malaysia’s fourth prime minister Mahathir Mohamad. The aim of the chair is to “create greater awareness, promotion and advocacy of global peace including the protection of human rights and criminalization of war.
By he was already a committed peace mediator, and elected to do 18 months of social service in place of his obligatory military service. After 12 months, Galtung insisted that the remainder of his social service be spent in activities relevant to peace, to imperualism the Norwegian authorities responded by sending him to prison, where he served six months. Because Galtung’s academic research is clearly intended to promote peace, inafter mediating in Charlottesville, his sociological work shifted toward more concrete and constructive peace mediation.
A Peace Development Environment Network,   an organization for conflict transformation by peaceful means. There are four traditional but unsatisfactory ways in which conflicts between two parties are handled:. Galtung tries to break with these theoty unsatisfactory ways of handling a conflict by finding a “fifth way”, where both A and B feel that they win, when both give in expecting nothing but peace. This method also insists that basic human needs — such as survival, physical well-being, liberty, and identity — be respected.
Galtung first conceptualized peacebuilding by calling for systems that would create sustainable peace. The peacebuilding structures needed to address the root causes of conflict and support local capacity for peace management and conflict resolution. Throry has held several significant positions in international research councils and has been an advisor to several international organisations.
He has also written many empirical and theoretical articles, dealing most frequently with issues of peace and conflict research. His work is distinguished by his unique perspective as well as the importance he attributes to innovation and interdisciplinarity.
He is one of the authors of an influential account of news values which are the factors which determine what coverage is given to what stories in the news. Galtung also originated the concept of Peace Journalismwhich is increasingly influential in communications and media studies.
He has also distinguished himself in public debates concerning, among other things, less-developed countries, defence issues, and the Norwegian EU debate. In he was given the Gheory Livelihood Award. Economist and fellow peace researcher Kenneth Boulding tgeory said of Galtung that his “output is so large and theorg varied that it is hard to believe that it comes from a human”.
For Johan Galtung, the US is simultaneously a republic and an empirea distinction he believes is highly relevant. The US is on one hand loved for its republican qualities, and on the other loathed by its enemies abroad for its perceived military aggressions. Its republican qualities include its work ethic and dynamism, productivity and creativity, the tgeory of freedom, or liberty, and a pioneering spirit. On the other hand, its military and political manipulation are censured for their aggressiveness, arrogance, violence, hypocrisy and self-righteousness, as well as the US public ignorance of other cultures and imperialisk materialism.
A Structural Theory of Imperialism
InGaltung criticised the “structural fascism” of the US and other Western countries ojhan make war to secure materials and markets, stating: In an article published inGaltung predicted that the US empire will “decline and fall” by Successors, Regionalization or Globalization?
However, the decline of the US empire did not imply a decline of the US republic, and the “relief from the burden of Empire control and maintenance Elaborating on the radio and television program Democracy Nowhe stated that he loved the American republic and hated the American empire.
He added that many Americans had thanked him for this statement on his lecture tours, because it helped imperialissm resolve the conflict between their love for their country and their displeasure with its foreign policy. Since the fall of the Soviet UnionGaltung has made several predictions of when the United States will no longer be a superpowera stance that has attracted some controversy.
In an article published inhe lists 14 ‘contradictions’ that would cause the ‘decline and fall’ of the US empire. He claims the election of George W. Bush cost the US empire five years — although he admits that this estimate was set a bit arbitrarily.
He now sets the date for the end of the American Empire atbut not the American Republic. During the course of his career, some of Galtung statements and views have drawn criticism, most notably his criticism of western countries during and after the Cold War and what his critics perceived as a positive attitude to the Soviet UnionCuba and Communist China. Both authors yheory Galtung’s opinion that while Communist China was “repressive in a certain liberal sense”, Mao Zedong was “endlessly liberating when seen from many other perspectives that liberal theory impfrialism never understood” because China showed that “the whole theory about what an ‘open society’ is must be rewritten, probably also the theory of ‘democracy’—and it will take a long time before the West will be willing to view China as a master teacher in such subjects.
The Israeli newspaper Haaretz accused Galtung in May of antisemitism for: Galtung has published more than a thousand articles and over a hundred books. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. BrewerPeace processes: Retrieved 4 April Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.
Retrieved 26 October Retrieved 16 November Retrieved 7 September Retrieved 8 September Archived from structura original on August 11, Retrieved August 11, Archived from the original PDF on 1 September Jamnalal Bajaj Award winners. Anil Sadgopal Anil K.
Johan Galtung – Wikipedia
Johan Galtung in Principal founder of peace and conflict studies. Right Livelihood Award Sociologypeace and conflict studiesMathematics.
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