Mar 18 2020

Dr Johns first developed the ESS for adults in and subsequently modified it slightly in He developed it so he could assess the ‘daytime sleepiness’ of. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) is a questionnaire widely used in German [5], Chinese [6], [7], Japanese [8], Turkish [9], Italian [10], and Greek [11]. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale: translation and validation study of the Iranian version. Italian version of the Epworth sleepiness scale: external validity. Neurol.

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Epworth Sleepiness Scale Test

Nor is it suitable for measuring rapid changes in sleep propensity over periods of hours, eg. Sleep Wake Disorders Search for additional papers on this topic.

Measure of general level of sleepiness. Lung Disease Week Their relative somnificities were later confirmed by analysis of variance Johns, and also by Rasch analysis Hagell et al ; Izci et al, ; Sargento, et al, AU – Mennuni, G. The fairness of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale: The questionnaire takes no more than 2 or 3 minutes to answer.

AU – Farina, B. The ESS score is highly variable when administered sequentially to a clinical population being evaluated for a potential sleep related breathing disorder.

Validation of symptoms related to excessive daytime sleepiness. If, after adding them up, the total ESS score includes a half, it should be rounded up to the next whole number. AU – Soeepiness, C. External validity ‘ Neurological Sciencesvol. J Epidemiol Glob Health. AU – Manni, R. The ESS was first developed in English for Australia, but has been translated into many other languages, especially by Mapi Research Trust who have italian standardised procedures.


AU – Marinig, R.

Italian version of the Epworth sleepiness scale: external validity.

Hypersomnia after head-neck trauma: AU – Della Marca, G. Almost all patients suffering from narcolepsy have severe or moderate EDS by these ESS criteria, as expected Parkes et al, ; Johns, ; van der Ialiano et dcale, With more data, that proved to be incorrect. AU – Ferri, R. AU – Panicucci, P. A new suggestion for the Epworth Sleepiness Scale in obstructive sleep apnea.

A license is needed to use it, whether or not license fees are payable. The ESS is not suitable for use among people with serious cognitive impairment. With the initial version of the ESS some respondents did not answer all the questions, for whatever reasons.

AU – Ubiali, E. Link to publication in Scopus.

Italian version of the Epworth sleepiness scale: external validity

The relative somnificities of ESS activities are similar in different diagnostic groups and populations, regardless of their levels of ASP and the presence or absence of sleep disorders Johns, Neurological Sciences23 6 Reliability and validity of a Norwegian version of the Epworth sleepiness scale.

The ESS is not a check-list for identifying those situations in which the respondent most frequently dozes during the day. AU – Beelke, M. AU – Guazzelli, M. Showing of 20 references. The ESS items were not selected from a list of related questions by principal components analysis, as is commonly done in the development of other questionnaires.

The ESS asks the respondent to rate on a 4-point scale their usual chances of having dozed off or fallen asleep while engaged in eight different activities that differ widely in their somnificity.


Most people engage in those activities at least occasionally, although not necessarily every day. Because ESS item-scores are based on subjective reports, they can be influenced by the same sources of bias and inaccuracy as any other such reports.

Validation of the Arabic version of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. If one or more item-scores are missing, that ESS is invalid because it is not feasible to interpolate missing item-scores. Privacy Statement Term of Use. Psychometric evaluation of the Epworth sleepiness scale in an obstetric population.

AU – Pompei, F. It is available in many different languages. AU – Bruni, O. German version of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. It is very cheap and easy to use for individuals and large groups. Johns,; Hagell et al, AU – Ferini-Strambi, L. By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our Privacy PolicyTerms of Serviceand Dataset License.

The ESS-CHAD is very similar to the adult ESS, but with minor changes to the instructions and descriptions of some of the activities, making them more easily comprehended and more likely to be within the experience of children and adolescents. AU – Sancisi, E.

AU – Palagini, L. From This Paper Figures, tables, and topics from this paper.