May 20 2020

Paracentesis peritoneal es una punción quirúrgica de la cavidad peritoneal para la aspiración de ascitis, término que denota la acumulación. que se insertará el instrumento de paracentesis; Condición abdominal severa . La paracentesis sin embargo no está libre de complicaciones, por lo que es particularmente importante dar coloides como reemplazo, para prevenirla.

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Accordingly, a strict selection of candidates could obviate most of such complications. You can change the settings or obtain more information by clicking here.

Paracentesis Abdominal

These shunts are used primarily for treating variceal haemorrhage, but intractable ascites has emerged as the second most frequent indication Stanley et al The ascites amylase is high in pancreatic ascites and should be measured particularly when the protein content of ascites is high.

The removal of 51 of fluid withoud replacement may not be followed by any and circulatory change Peltekian et albut larger amounts cause an immediate increase in cardiac output which soon returns to normal, and a fall in mean arterial pressure, systemic vascular resistance, right atrial pressure and pulmonary capillary pressure which can still be present a week later Ruiz del-Arbot et al Mainly, we wished to explore which of the predicting variables could be used to prefer large-volume paracentesis or TIPS.

Ascites in hepatic cirrhosis develops because of a considerable increase of total body sodium and water, and portal hypertension which localises much of that sodium and water to the peritoneal cavity Arroyo et al The causes of exclusion are advanced age, relevant comorbidities such as coronaropathy, other cardiac or vascular diseases, cancer.

Mechanism and Effect on Hepatic Hemodynamics in Cirrhosis. Spironolactone is a safe drug but it can cause hyperkalaemia and potassium supplements including salt substitutes must not be given concomitantly. The accuracy of the physical examination in the diagnosis of suspected ascites.

[Paracentesis as abdominal decompression therapy in neuroblastoma MS with massive hepatomegaly].

They produce a diuresis starting 6 hours and ending 24 hours after administration, and are usually used to potentiate loop diuretics and reduce urinary potassium loss. Ascitic compliccaiones and blood culture shoulcl also be done below. By contrast, the frequency is higher for long-term risks such as hepatic encephalopathy, paracntesis occlusion of the stent, hemolytic anemia, cardiac dysfunction.


It usually develops insidiously without causing haemodynamic instability, and is most often due to a hepatocellular carcinoma.

Pleurodesis and surgical repair of diaphragmatic defects is often unsuccessful and fraught with serious complications.

This procedure causes a fall of portal pressure with reduction of the vascular collateral circulation.

There may, therefore, be a case complicacionss paracentesis in patients with bleeding oesophageal varices and marked ascites, especially where other treatments are unsuccessful. Paracentesis leads to circulatory changes and these can persist for up to a week Table 8.

LaVeen continuous peritoneal-jugular shunt. Such factors include recent heavy alcohol abuse, ingestion of unusually salty foods, and medicines. Local diseases in the peritoneal cavity such as TB, malignant disease,and pancreatitis, damage capillaries and produce protein-rich ascites exudates. All, however, are associated with poor liver function and include activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system with high plasma and urine aldosterone, increased sympathetic activity possibly via a hepatorenal reflex arc, and the actions of such agents as arterial natriuric peptide, kallikrein-kinin prostaglandins, nitrous oxide, endothelin, and endotoxin.

Diuresis can then be produced by gradually increasing the dose of diuretics given. These patients need to be given sodium and water parenterally to replace their losses.

However, in a series of procedures, De Gottardi et al.

As would expected, impaired free water clearance is associated with hyponatraemia and a poor prognosis Table 2. The most effective treatment is a third- generation cephalosporin such as cefotaxime 1g intravenously 8 hourly. Lack of flank dullness is useful as it makes ascites very unilikely. Thus, the comparison between TIPS and LVP should be re-evaluated in the light of the stable hemodynamic effects achieved by the covered stents. Uncovered transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for refractory ascites: Infection is a very serious complication of ascites spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and carries a generally poor prognosis.

However, the success of the peritoneo-venous shunt was counterbalanced by the frequent occurrence of side-effects such as bacterial infections and occlusion of the filter. Bacterial culture should be carried out by innoculating ascitic fluid into blood culture bottles as this gives the highest yield of bacteria Runyon et al Mechanical effects on the chest impair cardiopulmonary function and can cause dyspnoea which is relieved by removal of the ascites Table 4.


Surgical portasystemic shunts proved effective in the secondary prevention of variceal bleeding but have fallen into disuse because thay were associated with an increased occurrance of hepatic encephalopathy and did not prolong fife. Accordingly, a strict selection of candidates could obviate most of such complications. Portal hypertension is an important factor in the development of ascites aboveand relief of portal hypertension should therefore improve ascites. All these complications are rare in expert hands.

Mild to moderate ascites can complicacoones treated as an outpatient, but more severe ascites is treated best in hospital as these patients usually have more severe liver damage and they more often have adverse reactions to therapy. Ultrasonography is particularly useful in identifying small amounts of ascites as it can detect as little as mI of free peritoneal fluid Goldberg et aland complixaciones such cases it allows the aspiration of fluid for analysis.

Refractory or resistantascites is broadly definedas ascites resistant to medical therapy Arroyo et al Paracentesis with intravenous infusion of albumin as compared with peritoneovenous shunting in cirrhosis with refractory ascites.

Improvement of renal function in ascitic patients.

Paracentesis Abdominal | HCA Healthcare

LVP with albumin and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt TIPS are the most used strategies, and they will be specifically discussed. Half of the infusion can be given over 2 hours and the remainder over the following six hours after the procedure.

Hepatology, 35pp. Accordingly, patients with refractory ascites showing normal values of these three variables were suggested to be the optimal candidates to be treated with TIPS. Severe symptoms such as fits, vomitingconfusion and ataxia or very severe hyponatraemia requires treatment in an intensive care unit owing to the risks of respiratory arrest.

Bloody ascites can be due to trauma caused by liver biopsy, fine-needle piration, TIPPS insertion or, rarely, paracentesis.